Research Proposal

Research Proposal question: 







  • Statement of the Problem
  • An overview of the issue under discussion. When stating the problem include statistics to show why we should pay attention to the issue. You also give a summary of what researchers have found with regards to your research question. Why should we care about the issue?  To answer this question, focus on the societal impact of the issue you are focusing on.  This aspect should be backed by statistical evidence.
  • Thesis or argument.

What gap is your research filling.  Drawing from the summary above, what have the researchers failed to consider.  How are you going to fill this gap?    In (a) above you show what the research on your topic has found so far; b) you show what the research in (a) has not done and then you show how you will fill this gap.


  • Theoretical perspective

What theory are you using for your study?  Your theory shows the assumptions informing your research question.  Your theory can also form the basis of your argument or thesis in (b) above.  The theoretical perspective or theory guides the research and influences the hypotheses and methods.  The theory guides the focus of your study.  The theory is first mentioned in the introduction.  My research will be informed by theory A because….  A more detailed account of the theory is revisited in the literature review.


  • AT LEAST 13 SCHOLARLY ARTICLES The main aim of the literature review is for you to use current research with a focus on specific research that directly connects to your research thesis.  In the literature review, readers should be able to identify key findings from previous research that support aspects of your research question.  If you successfully integrate previous literature, a reader should be able to have a thorough understanding of the topic under study.
  • In your literature review, each paragraph should have a topic sentence introducing an issue relating to your research argument.  This should be followed by the evidence supporting that topic sentence.  This evidence is drawn from various articles you are using to support your proposal.  In other words, the supporting evidence for the topic sentence in a particular paragraph should include different citations.  As you give the evidence, you should also evaluate it showing the important aspects of the evidence that relate to your research argument, but also highlighting the questions the evidence left unanswered and how your study will answer those questions.  In essence, throughout your literature review, you continue making a case for your argument or thesis.  The literature review, therefore, is not just a summary of the articles supporting your research proposal, but an effort to show that you have carefully read the supporting literature and are able to integrate supporting evidence from various sources.
  • The methods section includes a detailed description of the methods of data collection (we will discuss this in more detail starting on Tuesday next week). 
  • Conceptualization
  • In order to discuss the data collection procedures, you have to start with a detailed description of your concepts including a (i) clear definition; (ii) identify variables;  (iii) how you will measure your study concepts.  These definitions and measures must draw from the literature review in (2) above.  This is the exercise you will be working on in your discussion forum this week.
  • Hypotheses: Once you identify your variables in (a) above, you make predictions (based on the literature review) of the relationships between those variables. 
  • Sampling Design- Sampling design is included with a clear rationale for using that particular design for the study.
  • Data Collection- Data collection method is well defined and appropriate justification is included.
  • Conclusion- Conclusion reiterates the importance or significance of your proposal and provides brief summary of the entire study.