Assignment- Informative Preparation – Oral Communications/Research

Complete this document in preparation for your Informative Speech.     (Copy and paste all of this into a word document, complete and post to the Informative Speech preparation Assignment

Part 1 Audience Adaptation

Choose Your   Informative Speech Topic                                                            

Following the example in Chapter 5,  create an Audience Adaptation Plan for your Informative

Speech topic.

The Audience Adaptation plan asks 6 questions. Respond to these questions here.

1. What is my audience’s initial disposition toward my topic? What can I do to enhance audience interest?

2. What common ground do audience members share? How and Where can I use personal pronouns, rhetorical questions, and common experiences to enhance the perception of common ground?

3. How relevant will the audience find this material? How can I demonstrate that the material is merely, proximate, and has a personal impact for the audience?

4. What can I do to enhance my credibility? How did I develop expertise on this topic, and how can I share that with the audience? How can I demonstrate my trustworthiness as I speak? What will I do to help the audience perceive me as personable?

5. What can I do to make it easier for audience members to comprehend and remember the information? What types of materials can I use to appeal to different learning style preferences? What key terms will I need to define? What new concepts might I develop with vivid language and examples/ What new ideas might I want to compare to ones the audience is already familiar with?

6. What language or cultural difference will my audience have and how will I address them. If I am speaking a second language, how will I increase the likelihood that the audience will understand me? What cultural differences do I need to be sensitive to, and what culturally appropriate material might I search for and use?

Part 2    Oral Citations or Oral Footnotes are used in speeches for two reasons.

1. For credibility-   the oral citation  shows the reliability, validity and currency of your information. Citing the source orally, lets your audience know that you have researched your topic.

2. To avoid Plagiarism-   using the ideas-  paraphrased or quoted information from someone else without giving the source is plagiarism.   Failure to give the oral source in your speech is

plagiarism even if it is sourced in your research document. Your book discusses this in more depth chapter 6 .  It gives specific examples of oral footnotes.

When you present your speech,  you will not read your outline to us!     Your research outline is your comprehensive formal research that is presented in the order of your speech, but it is not your speaking notes.

In the book, Chapter 11,  You can see an example of speech notes. There is also a document with pictures of different notes in the course site.   You will see that speech notes are very different from

the research outline would be.   You use the information from your formal outline but you are discussing the information with us.

Oral or verbal footnotes, are how you present the references of the information to us.  If you don’t give us the sources in your speech as oral citations, it is consider plagiarism and a zero will be given for the speech.   The sample speech at the end of  Chapter 8,  gives good examples of how you can accomplish this.

When creating your oral citation… cite the most important part… usually the author!  Just citing the Huffington Post tells me nothing!   Anyone can publish with them. So don’t use them unless it is a really strong author!

Click and watch this

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When you film your speeches, you will be standing and filming from head to knee, and you will look into the camera to demonstrate eye contact or look at your real audience.

Complete these questions completely.  Post assignment in the correct assignment box. A.   After listening to the speech, do the following.

1.  Count the number of oral citations used.

2.  Write down 3 examples of the oral citations.

3. How are the speech notes used?

4. List at least one place in the speech where the speaker did not give a source when it was needed.

5. What is the one source she used that I have said not to use?

B. Your Turn..

It is important to do thorough research on your two required researched speeches: Informative and

Persuasive. It is also important and a requirement to orally cite those sources in your speech.

4.  Go to this page on the library website    Do a search on your topic.  Do a screen shot of your search and place it here.

5. Take TWO credible, academic sources that could be used for your Informative Speech and add them here in the proper Works Cited MLA format.

MLA Citations

6. After you put them here in the proper format, show here how you would orally cite them in your speech.

Oral Speech Citations



I.         Start with an attention-grabber: Will you begin with a quotation, personal story, humor, or fact?

II.        Listener relevance: tell us why the topic matters

III.      Speaker Credibility: personal authority on the topic or why did you choose this topic?

IV.       Preview points you plan to discuss in the body: Begin by writing out your thesis statement so that you can preview each of the main points. For example, “Today, I am going to talk about different career paths you can take as a nurse, how the degree is acquired and why it is an important degree to receive.”

Transition: Write your transition here. How should you leave the introduction and move to the body?


I.         Main point one: Write a brief statement that indicates your first point, list supporting material as sub-points. Make sure you provide the source from which the supporting material was acquired. Please orally cite your source.

A. Sub-point

B. Sub- point

Transition: Write your transition here; this will tell your listeners that you are moving to the next main point.

II.        Main point two: Write your next main point. Refer to point one above.

A.  Sub- point

B.  Sub- point

Transition: Write your transition here; this will tell your listeners that you are moving to the next main point.

III.      Main point three: Write your final main point. Refer to point one above.

A.  Sub- point

B.  Sub- point

Transition: Write your transition here; this will tell your listeners that you are moving to the conclusion of your speech. .


I.         Summarize points previously stated

A. B. C.

II.        Close with impact. Will you end with a quotation, personal story, humor, or fact? Formatted sources should be listed below:

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