Solved: Microbial Film Formation

Microbial film formation is the prevailing microbial lifestyle in natural and manmade environments and occurs on all surface types. Biofilm formation develops in several phases and is influenced by various parameters, both environmental and inherent to the attaching cell. Biofilms also serve as protective niches for particular pathogens when outside a host. Although it is accepted that biofilms are ubiquitous in nature, the significance of biofilms in clinical settings, especially with regard to their role in medical-related infections, is often underestimated. It has been found that several aspects of human pathogenesis within a clinical context are directly related to biofilm development. Various types of surfaces in clinical settings are prone to biofilm development and an increased risk of disease may be a direct consequence of their formation. Develop the subtopics below:
  1. What are biofilms?
  2. Why do bacteria (microbes) from biofilms?
  3. Why are biofilms medically important? Describe some examples of clinical cases associated with biofilms/health implications.
  4. Why are biofilms environmentally important? Describe some examples of environmentally important biofilms, their effect (negative and/or positive impacts).
  5. What are some known approaches to preventing biofilm formation in ether 3 or 4?
Note: Answer 1 through 5. However, choose 3 if you are a future healthcare professional : 4 if you have a particular interest on environment): both are okay but not required. Typed, font 12. Not following this guideline may lead to loss of points.