Naturalism Literature

The term naturalism defines a literature type that applies scientific principles of detachment and objective in the study of human beings. Unlike realism that mainly focus on literary technique, naturalism adopts a philosophical position. In Zola's Le roman experimental (1988), the description follows that human beings are products that can be studied impartially and with no moralization of their nature. Similar views on naturalism literature were shared by Hippolyte Taine's observation, Claude Bernard's medical model, Joseph LeConte, and Herbert Spencer. Naturalism provide scholars with an opportunity to analyze forces which govern human lives. The literature writers; therefore, adopts a version of scientific and philosophical method in their writing.

Naturalism characters are victims of fate. The Chrysanthemums present Elisa as a strong, capable woman, who is kept from personal, sexual, and social sexual fulfillment by the manner the woman are conceived in the society. Elisa's...