Assessment Item 1: Social Policy Plan

An Australian Social Policy Plan for Women and Child Refugees and Asylum Seekers

Introduction

The issue of refugees and asylum seekers is an important and controversial issue facing the Australian community. There is a difference in definition between asylum seekers and refugees. Asylum seekers are people who look for international protection, but until their status of refugee is determined, they remain unlawful non-citizens, despite the fact that they have a legal right to ask for asylum (Phillips, 2013). In the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees (and its 1967 Protocol), refugees are defined as people who have been forced to leave their native countries because of a fear of war, natural disaster or persecution due to‘race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion’ (Refugee Council 2015).

Australia has been accepting refugees for resettlement since 1945 and has aimed to support the human rights and freedoms of refu...