Comfort Theory: C-T-E Structure

The middle range theory of comfort for education, healthcare practice, and research was developed by Katherine Kolcaba in the 90s. The theory explains that patients are the individuals, communities, families, and/or institutions that require healthcare and the environment is their surrounding or aspects that can be influenced by health professionals to boost patientís comfort. On the other hand, nursing practice is the act of assessing the comfort requirements of a patient through the development of necessary care plans and evaluation of the patientís comfort upon utilizing the care plans developed. Rizk (2018) highlights that this theory is highly significant as it emphasizes on the importance of comfort in achieving quality healthcare. This paper will examine the Conceptual-Theory-Empirical (C-T-E) Structure of the middle range theory of comfort, through a 5-level hierarchical structure to unite the views of Katherine Kolcaba into an integrated outlook of the nursing industry and...