Julia Morgan: Hearst Castle (1919-1947)

Julia Morgan was one of the most important and prolific American women architects of the 20th century. She was born on January 20th, 1872 in California and died in 1957. McNeill (2018) notes that she is a graduate with an engineering degree from the University of California (1894), a private architecture student of Bernard Maybeck, and the first woman to graduate from …cole des Beaux-Arts (1902). In her residential architecture, Morgan associated her styles to the works of Greene and Greene and her other contemporary teachers.†

Morgan began her architectural career under Galen Howard in San Francisco before acquiring her license in 1904. She immediately earned herself six buildings commissions at Mills College, where she designed the El Campanil. Her design at El Campanil advertised and solidified her civil engineering understanding and capabilities in architecture when it contained the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. After World War I, she started working for the William Randolp...