Working in the US

Part 1

  1. What Are Some Challenges Associated with Working Conditions in Globalized Economy That Effect US Workers?

There are various challenges caused by globalization that affect U.S workers. They include;

  1. Reduced Wages For Unskilled And Semi-Skilled Workers

Globalization creates a shift in jobs around the globe leading to a reduced demand for U.S workforce. Usually most companies opt to workers in other nations who can do the same job at lower prices. Bivens (2013) outlined how the easiest tasks to outsource are those that require less or no training and education. These type of jobs can cheaply be performed by workforce available in the developing nations.  

  1. Cultural Understanding

Globalization directly impacts how international companies manage their operation in other countries. For instance, most of the US based companies would have to rely on U.S citizens to work in other cultures. Working with other communities calls on companies to address cross-cultural variances to create a positive rapport in those other market. It also calls on such companies to reshape their model of organization culture.  

  • Explain The Slave Like Conditions In The US Agricultural Markets That Impact Immigration Rights Policy.
  • Criminalization of Immigrants

In most cases, undocumented workers in U.S lack access to basic right such as the right to acquire education or simply the right identification documents such as the driverís license (National Farm Workers Ministry, 2011). In some states such as Alabama and Arizona there are anti-immigrant laws that marginalize immigrant population, many of whom are farm workers.

  1. Abuse by employers and supervisors     

Many undocumented immigrants are also exposed to abuse to their supervisors and employers who in many cases threaten them with deportation. For instance, workers who are treated unfairly are in most cases threated with deportation if they dared speak against such acts. Usually, This denies them their rights to stand up and fight for their working condition (National Farm Workers Ministry, 2011).

Part 2.

  1. What Is Meant By The New Mafia?

The New Mafia is uncontaminated banditry. Contrary to the Old Mafia, they do not stay away from prostitution and drugs, and are skilled at other rackets like extortion. The new Mafia is run by well-dressed boys who primarily were at the farms, and who carelessly spend throwing their money in lavish cars, hotels and bars.     

  • How Does Robertís Theory of Anomie Explain Organized Crime?

Anomie is the period when social laws and regulations fail to control peopleís actions or when there exists a failure in social order allowing people to engage in activities not allowed in the society. The main idea described in the theory of anomie is the absence of social or ethical standards in the society. Merton (1938) explains that certain groups of people involve in crime as a normal response to the social situations they are exposed to. The theory argues that when there is an imbalance in the social or ethical order, individual use the most opportune ways to reach their goals. The availability of such imbalance causes a strain/pressure that drive people to achieve their basic cultural goals, even with restricted ways and few legitimate options. The theory analyzes the impact of culture in creation of disunity and deviance among human beings.

References

Bivens, J. (2013). Using standard models to benchmark the costs of globalization for American workers without a college degree.

Merton, R. K. (1938). Social structure and anomie. American sociological review, 3(5), 672-682.

National Farm Workers Ministry. (2011). FARM WORKERS & IMMIGRATION. Retrieved from http://nfwm.org/resources/farm-workers-immigration/