Epidemiology of Chickenpox

Chickenpox, otherwise known as Varicella Zoster, is an airborne disease. Chickenpox spreads easily through coughs and sneezes from an infected person. The ailment is highly communicable and spreads mostly during the winter and early spring seasons. Varicella Zoster has high incidences among children between the ages of 4-10 years. Normally, patients contract the disease in their early childhood days. However, a significantly small number of adults remain susceptible to attack (Domino, 2007). The disease is caused by the virusVaricella zoster virus.

Upon infection, the disease has an incubation period of between 10 to 20 days before the symptoms begin to appear. At first, a characteristic skin rash forms, degenerating to itchy blisters. Symptoms first appear on the face, chest, and back before spreading to the rest of the body. Victims also exhibit signs of fever, fatigue, and headaches. In severe cases, victims may suffer from pneumonia, bacterial infection, or inflammation of...