Causes and Effects of Climate Change

Climate change is the shift in the situation of the climate of a region or area which is noticeable by observing variability of its characteristics over a sustained period of time. Basically, this change arises from natural and human activities. The consequences of climate change on economy, social life, politics, population and nature are severe. Since the causes and effects of this global crisis are evident, solutions have since been identified to alleviate the worsening of the situation and save the face of the earth for future generations.

A major cause of climate change is the greenhouse effect of accumulated gases in the atmosphere that prevent solar heat from escaping. These gases include carbon dioxide from fossil fuel combustion in power plants or gasoline burning in vehicles and methane which is emitted from animal sheds or rice agricultural fields. Water vapor, chlorofluorocarbons and nitrous oxide produced by soil cultivation, fertilizer utilization among other sourc...