5-2 Short Paper: Ethical Considerations
Ed s research approaches were outrightly unethical. From the case scenario, Ed went through 25% of the data and found out that 20% of the 25% who fell ill had recently consumed eggs or chicken. Consequently, Ed extrapolated from the data that the cause of the virus is chickens, with no consideration of the remaining 75% of the data. The 14 CFR Â§ 1275.101 describes research misconduct as â€œmeans fabrication, falsification, or plagiarism in proposing, performing, or reviewing research, or in reporting research results. Particularly, 14 CFR Â§ 1275.101 describes falsification as â€œmanipulating research materials, equipment, or processes, or changing or omitting data or results such that the research is not accurately represented in the research recordâ€. Therefore, Ed falsified the data by omitting 75% of the data and only relying on 25% to conclude the cause of the virus. Ed should have gone through all the data to determine its trends and accurately extrapolate the reasons for the virus, not only using a portion of the data to reach potentially wrong conclusions. Besides, there seems to be a conflict of interest in which ED believes that finding the cause of the virus will advance his career. Conflict of interest occurs when with regard to activities that compromise a researcherâ€™s judgement in carrying out a research h exercise (The University of Vermont, 2022). This compromises Ed s judgement on the potential cause of the virus, making him rely only on 25% of the data to conclude that chickens caused the virus.
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